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The Workings of Laser Cutting Technology The ability to meet a client’s demands is very important for the success of any business. For those that involve laser cutting, using the most modern technology is critical in to outperforming the competition and develop the capacity to manage a consistently growing range of projects. Laser Cutting Technology Defined In laser cutting, a high-powered beam cuts material based on computer-controlled settings. Anything that is on the direct path of the laser beam ends up burned, melted or vaporized. One of laser cutting technology’s benefits is its ability to produce a high-quality surface finish, making any finishing work unnecessary. Laser cutting technology can use either a gantry system or a galvanometer system. In gantry systems, the laser is positioned perpendicular to the material, the beam physically aimed at its surface. Because gantry is slower, manufacturers often use it to produce prototypes. On the other hand, galvanometer systems make use of mirrored angles for repositioning the laser beam, with a cutting speed of as much as 100 feet per minute. In general, fabricators use galvanometer systems for full-blown production projects.
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How Laser Cutting Technology Works
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The laser machine applies stimulation and amplification techniques to turn electrical energy into a high-density light beam. When an electrical arc, flash lamp or any external source excites the electrons, stimulation occurs. Amplification take place within the optical resonator, which lies in a cavity in between two mirrors. Since one mirror is reflective and the other is partially transmissive, the beam’s energy is allowed to return into the lasing medium for the stimulation of more emissions. If one photon is misaligned with the resonator, the mirrors cannot redirect it. This means only the well-oriented photons will be amplified, therefore creating a coherent beam. Laser Light Properties Laser light technology possesses unique and quantified properties, including coherence, monochromaticity, diffraction and radiance. How the magnetic and electronic components of the electromagnetic wave relate to each other is called coherence. When the magnetic and electronic components are in line, the laser is deemed coherent. Monochromaticity is measured by taking the width of the spectral line. The higher the monochromaticity, the lower the range of frequencies emitted by the laser. The bending of light around sharp-edged surfaces is known as diffraction. Laser beams are only minimally diffracted, which means very little of their intensity is lost over a distance. Laser beam radiance is the power per unit area that is emitted at a particular solid angle. Since it is affected by the laser cavity’s design, radiance does not increase with optical manipulation. Laser Cutting Setup The setup process is fairly straightforward and efficient. More modern superior class equipment can automatically correct any imported files, whether drawing exchange format (DXF) or drawing (.dwg) to suit one’s requirements.